Types of Meditation

Just because you’ve read somewhere that there are dozens of benefits in meditation and all your friends are into it doesn’t mean you should jump in too. Starting to meditate requires you to identify what you’re hoping to get out of it first. Then, there’s a need to find out the type that works best for you, and that’s where the real task is.

Since there are so many different types of best meditation techniques, it can be confusing to find the one that suits your needs and personality. Fortunately, there’s hope in selecting the popular ones since you can be sure that at least they are working.

Here are 10 types of meditation yoga and its benefits.

1. Zen Meditation (Zazen)

Zazen means “seated meditation.” Its general practice involves sitting over a mat and cushion on the floor with crossed legs. Traditionally, practitioners did it in half- or full-lotus positions. However, this isn’t that much necessary. As long as you can keep your back straight, you’re good to go.

Practitioners do this kind of meditation in Zen Buddhist centers that have strong community support. You may like or dislike the way many of them couple the practice with their religious practices such as prostrations, Buddha teachings, a bit of ritualism, and chanting. Although these elements are meditative, you’re free to create your own formal structure.

2. Vipassana Meditation

The Pali word ”Vipassana” means “clear seeing” or “insight.” Most teachers emphasize that the first stages of the meditation begin with mindfulness of breath in order to stabilize your mind and attain to “access concentration.” After this, you can then develop “clear insight” on mental phenomena and bodily sensations.

Vipassana is excellent at grounding you in the understanding of how your body and mind works. Since it’s very popular, many teachers, books, and websites are available to help you grow in it. There’s no coupling of rituals or formalities into the practice. As such, Vipassana can be a great way for beginners to start meditating.

3. Mindfulness Meditation

This practice comes from Vipassana and other types of buddhist meditation practices like Zazen. It involves the intentional focusing on the current moment, accepting it, and paying attention to your sensations, emotions, and thoughts non-judgmentally. Doing it requires you to sit on a chair or cushion on the ground with a straight, unsupported back.

Most schools and hospitals teach this type of meditation and can be a great place to start for the general public. If your focus is mainly on the physical and mental rewards, then this practice is for you. If you’re looking for spiritual development, then it’s not for you since it lacks the eastern philosophies and concepts that were originally part of it.

4. Loving Kindness or Metta Meditation

Metta Meditation is an adaptation from Buddhist traditions such as Tibetan and Theravada lineages. The benefits of this practice include:

  • Positive emotion development through compassion
  • Increased self-acceptance
  • Feeling better about your competence
  • Increased feeling concerning your purpose in life

If you feel that you’re sometimes too hard on others and yourself, then Metta meditation can help. Whether you’re selfless or self-centered, the practice can be good for you. It is not possible to have loving-kindness and negative feelings simultaneously. Buddhist teachers recommend it for anger issues, nightmares, and insomnia.

Different Types of Meditation Yoga Techniques and Benefits

5. Mantra or OM Meditatio

This is a common practice among Hindu and Buddhist traditions. Involving repeated words to promote focus, a number of people find it easier to learn Mantra than breath-bathed techniques. If your mind is always wandering, then this kind of meditation can be useful since it demands constant attention.

6. Transcendental Meditation

This is a form of Mantra that Maharishi Mahesh Yogi introduced in India and the West in 1955. It has gained popularity, with over 5 million people practicing it around the globe. Transcendental Meditation enjoys rich scientific documentation of its benefits. Unfortunately, there’s no way you can learn it freely.

7. Yoga Meditations

These are a collection of meditation types that yoga tradition teaches. The highest goal of Yoga Meditations is spiritual purification and self-knowledge. The most common types of meditation yoga under this category include Third Eye Meditation, Chakra Meditation, Gazing Meditation, and Kundalini Meditation.

Since there are so many yoga meditation types, it’s likely that you’ll find one that’s suitable for your needs. Nada Yoga can attract you if you’re into music. Kriya Yoga is for the devoted, but it’s only a teacher who should attempt Kundalini and Chakra. Do you want the simplest meditation? Try out the Third Eye Meditation.

8. Self-Enquiry and “I Am” Meditation

Self-Enquiry comes from the Sanskrit term “Atma vichara” which means to “investigate” your nature in order to find the answer to the question, “Who Am I?” Old Indian texts contain references to this type of meditation. However, it was Romana Maharshi who popularized and expanded it in the 20th century.

This is a very powerful type of meditation that brings inner peace and freedom. However, if you lack previous experience in any other kind of practice apart from Self-Enquiry and “I Am” Meditation, it can be hard to follow it. If you’d like to know how it feels and get guidance, look up to some YouTube videos on the same.

9. Taoist Meditations

Generation, inner energy circulation, and transformation are the chief characteristics of this meditation type. It aims at quieting the body and mind, unifying body and spirit, finding inner peace, and harmonizing with Tao (Nature). Some Taoist Meditation styles specifically focus on improving health and providing longevity.

If you’re more connected with nature and your body, you may like Taoist meditation while enjoying learning about its underlying philosophy. Are you into Tai Chi or martial arts? Perfect choice! However, you might find it difficult to get a Taoist teacher.

10. Christian Meditation

Meditation in Eastern traditions focuses on transcending the mind and achieving enlightenment. The Christian tradition is different. Its main purpose is to attain moral purification and get a deeper understanding of God and the Bible.


As you may see, there are so different types of meditation yoga, each with its own main purpose. Whether you’re looking for a solution for your spirit, soul, or mind, the best place to start the practice is at Yogateket. Contact us online and you’ll not regret it.